How oxygen concentrators work

Let’s Learn About ACTINIUM!

Actinium is a chemical element with the symbol Ac and atomic number 89. A ton of pitchblende ore contains about 0.15 mg of actinium. It was first isolated by Friedrich Oskar Giesel in 1902, who gave it the name emanium; the element got its name by being wrongly identified with a substance André-Louis Debierne found and called actinium.

It is a soft, silvery-white radioactive metal. It glows blue in the dark because its intense radioactivity excites the air around it. Actinium is a very powerful source of alpha rays, but is rarely used outside research.

It is about 150 times as radioactive as radium, making it valuable as a neutron source. Otherwise it has no significant industrial applications. Actinium-225 is used in medicine to produce Bi-213 in a reusable generator or can be used alone as an agent for radio-immunotherapy.

Let's Learn About ACTINIUM!

Actinium has 36 isotopes, none of which are stable. Actinium occurs as isotope 227Ac in uranium decay. It has several decay products, including isotope 227Ac, a beta emitter that is a decay product of 2235U with a 21.6-year half-life.

Actinium is found naturally in uranium ores. It rarely occurs as a free element in the earth’s crust. It is more frequently produced in the lab, largely for use as a radiation source.

Actinium is a very powerful source of alpha rays, but is rarely used outside research. It has no known biological role. It is toxic due to its radioactivity. Actinium used for research purposes is made by the neutron bombardment of radium-226.

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Actinium itself glows in the dark and reacts with water to produce hydrogen gas. It also reacts with air and acids, but not bases. It is used in thermoelectric power sources and also used in neutron emitters.

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How oxygen concentrators work

Let’s Learn About SULFUR!

Sulfur is a chemical element with the symbol S and atomic number 16. It is abundant, multivalent and nonmetallic. Under normal conditions, sulfur atoms form cyclic octatomic molecules with a chemical formula S₈. Elemental sulfur is a bright yellow, crystalline solid at room temperature.

Pure sulfur is a tasteless, odourless, brittle solid that is pale yellow in colour, a poor conductor of electricity, and insoluble in water. It reacts with all metals except gold and platinum, forming sulfides; it also forms compounds with several nonmetallic elements.

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The most common appears as yellow crystals or powder. It is used in the vulcanisation of black rubber, as a fungicide and in black gunpowder. Most sulfur is used in the production of sulfuric acid, which is perhaps the most important chemical manufactured by western civilisations.

The major derivative of sulphur is sulphuric acid (H2SO4), one of the most important elements used as an industrial raw material. Sulphur is also used in batteries, detergents, fungicides, manufacture of fertilizers, gun power, matches and fireworks.

A nonmetal, it is the 10th most abundant element in the universe, according to the Jefferson National Linear Accelerator Laboratory. Today, it’s most common use is in the manufacture of sulfuric

acid, which in turn goes into fertilizers, batteries and cleaners. It’s also used to refine oil and in processing ores.

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Sulfur occurs frequently in compounds in nature, usually as a stinky, yellow mineral associated with hot springs and volcanoes.

When burned, sulfur produces a blue flame and sulfur dioxide gas — a common pollutant.

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How oxygen concentrators work

Let’s Learn About PALLADIUM!

Palladium is a chemical element with the symbol Pd and atomic number 46. It is a rare and lustrous silvery-white metal discovered in 1803 by the English chemist William Hyde Wollaston and named after an asteroid.  Before the precious metal palladium was discovered, the word “palladium” referred to objects believed to mystically provide protection and safety ( a talisman ). The origin of the definition comes from Homer’s Iliad.

Let's Learn About PALLADIUM!

Palladium is one of six metals belonging to the platinum family. The others are platinum, rhodium, ruthenium, osmium, and iridium. All these precious metals are known for their catalytic abilities when it comes to speeding up chemical reactions.

Palladium is now the most valuable of the four major precious metals, with an acute shortage driving prices to a record. A key component in pollution-control devices for cars and trucks, the metal’s price doubled in little more than a year, making it more expensive than gold.

Let's Learn About PALLADIUM!

A extremely malleable and tarnish-resistant metal, palladium has become a popular metal for jewelry making and catalytic converters because it does not react with oxygen. In jewelry, palladium is known for its durability, low-maintenance, and similar appearance to platinum at a much lower cost.

Russia and South Africa supply about 40% of the world’s palladium, making them the highest producers each year.

In 2010, Richard F. Heck, Ei-ichi Negishi, and Akira Suzuki were awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their work in palladium-catalyzed coupling reactions and organic synthesis – which are widely used for the synthesis of fine chemicals and pharmaceuticals.

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