Chromium is a chemical element with the symbol Cr and atomic number 24. It is the first element in group 6. It is a steely-grey, lustrous, hard, and brittle transition metal. Chromium is the main additive in stainless steel, to which it adds anti-corrosive properties.
It is a lustrous, brittle, hard metal. It is silver-gray and it can be highly polished. It does not tarnish in air, when heated it borns and forms the green chromic oxide. Chromium is unstable in oxygen, it immediately produces a thin oxide layer that is impermeable to oxygen and protects the metal below.
It is mainly used in electroplating, tanning, printing, and dyeing, medicine, fuel, catalysts, oxidants, matches, and metal corrosion inhibitors. At the same time, metallic chromium has become one of the most important electroplated metals.
It’s used in a variety of applications. Motorcycles often feature chromium-coated components, whereas silverware may feature a similar type of chromium plating. It is used in stainless steel. It doesn’t rust. It reflects nearly 70% of visible light